Saturday, June 24, 2017

Front Porch Planter Ideas


Years ago a gardening friend gave me one simple piece of advice for designing the perfect arrangement for porch planters. You need to have:
  1. Thrillers
  2. Fillers
  3. Spillers
So, what does that mean? Well, building the perfect planter is somewhat like scripting an action movieyou need excitement for sure, but a movie filled with nothing but explosions is going to get boring after 10 minutes or so. There needs to be a filler--dialogue, scenery, music. And the spiller? The movies or stories that best hold my interest have a secondary plot line--it's not all about just one person (even "Waiting for Godot" introduced other people into the tale). 


A few weeks ago I created some new planter arrangements for my front porch (Winter had FINALLY departed). There is a grouping of two planters on the left side of my porch (against the railing):



Oh goody, you get to see a picture of my right foot!

And a grouping on the right, against the wall of the house:





And then there is a large planter in the garden adjacent to the front entrance:



This is the largest of the planter boxes and the guiding theme for the others. Unlike the planters on the porch, this pot will not move--it is quite large (and heavy) so the "thriller" used is an evergreen shrub which will be a permanent fixture. As the surrounding annuals fade away (nothing lasts forever) I will find other companions for it to go along with the season.

Although only two types of flowers (lobelia and sweet allysum) are present in all five, all planters are united by using the same color palette. 

I have two more criteria in addition to thrill/fill/spill that will make your planters winners--color and texture. My neighbor creates beautiful planters that are a riot of colors, but whenever I try to copy them, I feel that my hot combo is more of a hot mess; therefore I tend to stick with colors in my comfort zone. All of the plants in my garden (1 acre+) are in the purple/orchid/pink/white/
blue range. 

Texture is using plants with a variety of shapes and/or foliage. Look at the rex begonia (below) and you'll see what I mean.


**********************************
The plants I used are:
#1 - Variegated Euonymus
This is the "thriller in the largest of the planter boxes.  Eunymus is an evergreen shrub which means that it will not lose its leaves in the Fall. 


















#2 - Calibrachoa
This sweet little plant has several other names--sometimes referred to as a miniature petunia (it isn't) or called "million bells". It does not get any taller than 4 inches, but grows quickly and vigorously. It "fills" and "spills" with great abandon.



















#3 - Bacopa
Bacopa is a study plant that will reward with exuberant "spilling." Several years ago I had one that not only grew in springtime and through summer, it continued to bloom in autumn and was still holding on at Christmas. I can't promise that your bacopa will last that long, but it IS a long-lasting annual.


















#4 - Sweet Allysum
She fills and spills and rewards with heavenly honey-like fragrance. Allysum self-sows and might surprise you with babies in other little corners of your yard before summer is over. But don't worry, it won't become a nuisance. Be sure to keep your allysum evenly moist. They tend to be a bit thirsty, probably because they are quite small and do not have deep-burrowing roots.


















#5 - Lobelia
Lobelia is one of the few flowers in nature that are a TRUE blue. They come in  pale blue, pure blue, and dark (almost navy)  plus several that are variegated white and blue. There are two varieties of lobelia--an upright (which will work as a filler), and a cascading variety that makes a great spiller. 




















#6 - African Daisy
African Daisy (osteopermum) was used in the smaller pots as the thriller. It stands head and shoulders above the surrounding flowers and comes in shockingly bright hues of purple, red, orange, and yellow--all with a blue center.

















#7 - Rex begonia
Rex begonia is a stunning filler, and one I love to use for its unusual colors and texture. It will flower, but the blooms are insignificant. With rex, it's all about the leaves.




















#8 - Petunia
Petunias come in a dazzling array of colors and color combinations, from pure white to almost midnight black. In fact, I think the only hue missing is true pure blue. They are terrific fillers, but grow large enough that they can be used as a spiller as well.





















#9 - Dusty Miller
Dusty miller is a beautiful filler and a terrific foliage specimen. Its flowers are insignificant (little yellow beads). In mild climates the dusty miller can become a perennial, growing and spreading year after year.











Saturday, June 17, 2017

Remembering My Dad on Father's Day

Was It Only a Dream?

My earliest memory of my dad is the two of us walking hand-in-hand at the Zoo. I was probably two or three years old, toddling along on short little legs at my dad’s left side. And, in that image I see another hand holding his on the right—a chimpanzee. Did this really happen? I have no idea. Perhaps it was just a dream, but it seems very real to me, and it testifies to the loving person who was my daddy.
Ever patient; ever kind; ever loving--that was my Daddy.

Let's Start at the Beginning

To everyone else he was known as Roy, the third of four surviving children of Frederick and Elizabeth. The family of six might have been a family of ten if not for the high mortality rates of that time. Daddy told the story of his birth in this way:
"In 1906 babies were usually born at home, and my birth was no exception. Mum was a tiny woman, less than 5 feet tall and I was a large baby. It was a difficult birth, and I emerged limp and lifeless. The doctor placed me on a table and covered me with a sheet. As he turned to attend to my mother, the next door neighbor arrived. 'Where is the baby?' she inquired. 'Sadly, the baby did not survive' replied the doctor. The neighbor lifted the sheet, touched the little body and felt movement. 'That baby’s alive you damned fool!' With that, she wrapped me in a blanket and tucked me next to Mum where I was warmed and loved back to life.”
So, let me tell you about my Daddy.

He Had a Sense of Adventure

With such a perilous near-miss entry into this world, perhaps it was destined that Roy would have a keen sense of adventure.
At the age of 15 he left family and education behind and became a seafarer, working for the Alaska Steamship Company. Although he was short in stature, he was strong and well built and was able to lie about his age.
He worked on the steamship Wapama which traveled the west coast of the Unites States from Seattle, Washington to San Francisco, California.The Wapama is considered a historical ship and is stored at the San Francisco Maritime Museum.
The Wapama
A wooden-hulled steamer designed for the coastal lumber trade, the Wapama is unique to the West Coast. Built in 1915, she was the last of 235 steam schooners, operating between Washington and California.
The long shallow hulls of steam schooners made for a weak structure, prone to sag at the bow and stern. As age and decay sapped the strength of Wapama’s massive timbers, this “hogging” process became so bad that she could not remain afloat.
 
Placed on a barge in 1980 the Wapama remains a unique and impressive piece of naval architecture. Given suitable systems for rot control, physical support, and weather protection, it will be possible to preserve Wapama indefinitely out of the water.


And a Love of Family

How many years did Roy sail on the Wapama? We have no way of knowing, But what we do know is this; in 1930 he was no longer at sea. With legs firmly planted on the ground, he married and started a family. He and his wife Helen had two children--a daughter Carol and a son Lee.
Defiance Lumber Mill - The Doud brothers of Buckley purchased 18 acres of land on the Tacoma waterfront in 1906. By 1907 a mill was erected on the 1400 feet of shoreline and 150 men were employed. Ships from all nations visited Tacoma to load lumber.
Source: Tacoma Public Library archives


He Had a Strong Work Ethic

Roy worked at the Point Defiance Lumber Mill, at a time when so many were much less fortunate. Despite the long hours and strenuous physical labor, he considered himself to be very blessed indeed. Our Nation was in the midst of the Great Depression, and unlike many others, Roy had a job.

He Didn't Let Defeat Define Him

An accident at the mill forced Roy out of work for months. Sadly, his long convalescence was too much of a strain on the marriage—Helen fell in love with another man, and Roy found himself without a family.
The lumber mill injury left Roy with one leg shorter than the other and unable to stand for long periods of time. His work at the mill was a thing of the past.
And he was alone.
Someone else might have given up, but for Roy quitting was not an option. He found a job that would allow him to move about yet remain off of his feet for most of the day. He began driving a delivery truck for Supreme Cleaners--a truly life-changing decision.


Supreme Cleaners at 1012 Center St. Their slogan was "the cleanest linen on the face of the Earth." The laundry industry in Tacoma grew during World War II and continued to grow during the post war era. They offered union jobs and employment security
It was there that he met Betty—a tall auburn-haired single mother of three.
A wise person once said
“It takes a strong man to accept somebody else’s children and step up to the plate another man left on the table.”
Roy was disabled, but he was the strongest of men. He loved Betty, and he also loved her children as much as his own flesh and blood. Roy and Betty married in April 1948. And four years later, in their mid-40’s, Roy and Betty added one more to their blended family. I was born.

The Best "Life" Teacher

For 29 years Daddy was my cheerleader, my mentor, and my shining example.
He taught me how to hammer a nail and change a tire. He taught me how to mow a lawn and cook a pot roast. It was Daddy who taught me how to dig for clams, tie a necktie, and iron a pair of slacks. He taught me how to parallel park and drive a stick shift. He taught me to love baseball.
Daddy gave to me the love of kitties--and of all living things.
He taught me patience. He taught me how to pray. He taught me how to love someone even when they aren't being very likable.
I am so thankful that he taught me to be a little bit like him.

Blessings in the Midst of Adversity

Bad things happened to a good person—there was a time when Daddy lost his way of life and he lost his family. But one thing he never lost was his faith.
"And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose." (Romans 8:28)
If not for his injury, he would not have sought a new job; he would not have found a family who needed him (and whom he needed as well).

He Lead Me to a New Chapter in Life

When he was 75 years of age, Daddy walked me down the aisle. Tears of joy misted his eyes, and he placed my hand into the hand of the man who has stood by my side for 36 years.
On the day that my husband and I returned from our honeymoon, I saw Daddy. He looked tired; I expressed my concern. "It's OK" he replied. "My back is just a little sore. Don't worry. I'll be fine tomorrow."
And he was right. That evening Daddy had an aneurysm and was taken from us in an instant. He awoke in Heaven, where all of his old-age aches and sawmill injuries are a thing of the past.
The limp is gone.

What Did I Learn From My Father?

ADVENTURE

Don’t be afraid of adventure. Explore. Take risks. Attempt new things.
” If you try you might lose, but if you never try you will certainly never win.”

LOVE

“God is Number One, friends and family are Number Two. Making yourself Number Three makes you a winner.”

WORK HARD

“Do everything as though you were signing your name to it.”

AND NEVER GIVE UP.


Thank you Daddy, for being such a perfect example. Thank you for being such a wonderful YOU.

Saturday, June 10, 2017

Polenta Dumplings


What do you think of when you hear the phrase "Italian cooking"?

What comes to mind when you hear the phrase "Italian cooking"? Do you envision steaming plates of pasta, a robust Bolognese sauce simmering on the back of the stove, or perhaps a crisp crust pizza dotted with fresh mozzarella and basil?
I have traveled to Italy several times (my oldest sister lived in Maniago--just an hour north of Venice). Prior to that initial trip, I must admit that whenever I thought of Italy I thought of "pasta". But Italian food is so much more than that. In northern Italy there is less emphasis on pasta--polenta is definitely the "carb celeb".
There are two ways of serving polenta--it can be cooked, spread out on an oiled surface and allowed to solidify. Then slabs of the firm polenta are sautéed. The other version (and my favorite) is to cook the polenta slowly at a simmer. When all of the grains have become blissfully toothsome, stir in a bit of cream or marscapone cheese. You now have luscious puddle of Heaven to serve to your family (....is my bias showing a bit here?).


But isn't polenta just another name for grits?

Before writing this hub I did a bit of research. Some writers say that the difference between grits and polenta is the fineness (or coarseness) of the grind, or the use of white cornmeal vs. yellow cornmeal.
Both are wrong.
Grits are:
  • made from field corn (maize)
  • soaked in lye or lime water to remove the bran and the germ
  • is often coarse ground
Polenta is:
  • made from sweet corn
  • still retains the bran and germ
  • is stone (fine) ground

What makes this recipe unique?

Polenta can be allowed to cool and firm and then be baked, broiled or sautéed. And as I previously stated, it can be served immediately while it is still creamy. But there is a third stage in the preparation of polenta--that in-between phase when it is no longer creamy but not quite slab-like. That's when I think we can make something wonderful......"Polenta Dumplings".


Cook Time

Prep time: 1 hour 10 min
Cook time: 15 min
Ready in: 1 hour 25 min
Yields: 4 to 6 servings

Ingredients

  • 3 cups chicken or vegetable broth
  • 1 cup quick-cooking polenta
  • 1/3 cup grated parmesan cheese
  • 1/4 cup half-and-half
  1. Prepare a large cookie sheet by covering it with a sheet of parchment paper. Spray the parchment with non-stick cooking spray or grease lightly. Set aside.
  2. Bring 2 cups of the broth to a boil in a large saucepan. Stir the remaining 1 cup of broth into the dry polenta in a small mixing bowl.
  3. Gradually add the polenta mixture to the boiling broth, stirring constantly. When mixture returns to a boil, reduce heat to low. Cook and continue to stir until mixture is very thick (about 5 minutes). Be careful--it will sputter.
  4. Remove from heat. Stir in the cheese and half and half. All to sit for about 15 minutes. Using a small cookie scoop, form about 25 to 30 dumplings, placing them on the prepared cookie sheet. Cover and chill about one hour.
  5. To cook, carefully drop dumplings into simmering soup. Cover and simmer about 10 minutes.

Sunday, June 4, 2017

How to Roast a Head of Garlic


Is  there a more versatile herb than garlic? Garlic can be grown in multiple climate zones and in the smallest of garden plots. Fresh garlic provides the pungent bite in so many cuisines—Italian pesto, Greek pasta, Asian stir fries, French cassoulet, South American chimichurri. But when slowly roasted, the crisp heat of fresh garlic transforms to a creamy sweetness. The result is amazing, but is achievable by anyone—even a novice cook. Here is how to make the magic happen in your kitchen.

Cook Time

Prep time: 5 min
Cook time: 30 min
Ready in: 35 min
Yields: each head of garlic provides about 1 tablespoon

Ingredients

  • 1 head of garlic, (see note below)
  • 2 tsp. olive oil

Other equipment you will need

  • ovenproof dish
  • heavy-duty aluminum foil
  • small sharp knife
  1. Preheat your oven to 400 degrees F.
  2. Remove any loose papery skin from the garlic but leave the head of garlic intact. Cut about one-half inch off the top of the head of garlic--enough to expose the interior of the garlic cloves. Place the garlic head in the ovenproof dish, cut-side up. Drizzle the oil over the garlic. Cover with foil and bake in a preheated oven for about 30 minutes or until garlic feels soft (pierce with tip of sharp knife to test).
  3. Set aside until cool enough to handle. Squeeze the garlic cloves from the bottom to release the roasted garlic pulp, which should now be sweet, creamy, and golden brown in color. The resulting roasted garlic pulp can be spread on bread, mixed with softened butter, stirred into dips, or added to sauces. The only limit is your imagination.
  4. Cooks Note: A good head of garlic should be plump and firm, with no visible mildew, spoilage, or shriveling and very little if any sprouting (the green sprouts can be bitter).

Saturday, May 20, 2017

Roasted Potato Pizza

My husband (aka Mr. Carb Diva) is off on a road trip, so for about a week it will be just the two of us, my daughter and me. I don't know why but somehow cooking for two isn't as much fun as cooking for three, and so I'm pretty sure that there will be pizza. Lots of pizza, but not frozen, and probably not take-out. We love to make pizza in our house, and my daughter enjoys experimenting with new ideas. And boy, do I have a new idea to bounce off of you today.

This recipe is from one of our favorite restaurants in Victoria, British Columbia--Rebar Modern Food. Rebar started in 1988 as a small downtown corner cafe. Their fame for good coffee and amazingly good veggie burgers and a juice bar spread quickly and several years later they took a leap of faith, expanding and relocating to 50 Bastion Square--where they have been for almost three decades. They still have the coffee, juice, and veggie burgers, but they are now so much more. 

Rebar is all about quality ingredients and carefully prepared foods. Most of their menu is vegetarian or vegan, but the flavors are so wonderful and innovative, even a meat-lover can dine there and not feel deprived.

Roasted Potato Pizza
your favorite pizza dough (or see below)
sun-dried tomato pesto (see below)
1 lb red potatoes
2 garlic cloves, minced
2 tablespoons minced rosemary
juice of 1/2 lemon
1 1/2 tablespoons olive oil
1/4 tsp. salt
1/4 tsp. cracked pepper
1/2 bunch spinach, stemmed and washed
Two 6-oz jars marinated artichoke hearts
2 cups crumbled feta cheese
2 cups grated mozzarella cheese

Preheat oven to 375 degrees F. Quarter the potatoes lengthwise and slice 1/4-inch thick. Toss with garlic, rosemary, lemon, olive oil, salt and pepper. Spread on a parchment-lined baking sheet and roast 20-30 minutes, until golden brown and tender. Cool and set aside. Slice spinach leaves into 1/2-inch thick ribbons. Drain artichoke hearts and cut in half lengthwise. Crumble and grate the cheese.

Turn the oven heat up to 450 degrees F. Press dough into an oiled 15-inch pizza pan. 

Spread the bottom of the crust with pesto and sprinkle with 1 cup mozzarella cheese. Layer with spinach ribbons, potatoes, and artichoke hearts. Sprinkle feta cheese over top, followed by final cup of mozzarella. 

Turn the oven temperature down to 375 degrees F and bake on the bottom rack for 20 minutes, or until the cheese is melted and crust golden.

Pizza Dough
1/2 cup warm water
1 tsp. dry yeast
1/2 tsp. salt
1/2 tsp. sugar
1 tablespoons olive oil
1 1/4 cups flour

Dissolve yeast in warm water. Stir in salt, sugar, and olive oil. Add flour and mix until dough comes together. Knead about 20 times on a well-floured surface. 


Sundried Tomato Pesto
1/2 cup sundried tomatoes (not oil-packed)
2 garlic cloves
2 tablespoons pine nuts, toasted
1/4 cup grated Parmesan
1/4 tsp. red chili flakes
2 tsp. capers
1 tablespoons balsamic vinegar
2 tablespoons chopped oregano
4 tablespoons chopped mint or basil
3 tablespoons olive oil
1/4 tsp. salt
cracked pepper to taste

Place sun-dried tomatoes in glass measuring cup. Cover with boiling water and soak for about 15 minutes. Strain and reserve about 1/2 cup soaking water. Cool. Combine all ingredients except soaking water in food processor and pulse until blended. Thin if needed with some of reserved soaking water.

Sunday, May 14, 2017

Mothers' Day -- The Greatest Blessing


I've carried a baby within my body.

I've slept with a baby on my chest.

I have kissed boo boos, mended broken hearts, been puked on, peed on and pooped on and spent sleepless nights in a rocking chair.

But I wouldn't have it any other way.

My body isn't magazine-model perfect, but when I look into the mirror I see a mom, and there is no greater blessing.


Friday, May 12, 2017

Thought for Today




My dear friend Colleen Molenaar passed away two months ago. This year Mothers Day will be bittersweet for her daughter Karen who penned these beautiful words today. 





Sunday, May 7, 2017

Possibilities



“Isn't it splendid to think of all the things there are to find out about? It just makes me feel glad to be alive--it's such an interesting world. It wouldn't be half so interesting if we know all about everything, would it? There'd be no scope for imagination then, would there?But am I talking too much? People are always telling me I do. Would you rather I didn't talk? If you say so I'll stop. I can STOP when I make up my mind to it, although it's difficult.” 

Sunday, April 30, 2017

Cast Iron--The Original Non-Stick Surface

The original non-stick surface

Do you remember the Teflon pans of the 1960's and 70's? They were touted as a revolutionary cooking miracle.
Look, you can cook an egg without butter!
Your macaroni and cheese will no longer stick and make a gummy cheesy mess!
Your family will enjoy low-fat meals and you will save countless hours in scrubbing pots and pans!
But now we know that Teflon, although not "dangerous," should be used with some caution. And, as it ages, the non-stick surface does tend to flake off -- do you really want to eat plastic with your steak?
Teflon sounded like the miracle of the century, but it was never really necessary. Your grandparents had in their kitchen a faithful, durable, non-stick cooking vessel long before Teflon was ever imagined.
The properly seasoned cast iron pot.

Buying Cast Iron, Old and New

Cast iron cookware might have been stored in your grandparents' pantry, but the manufacture of pots, pans, lids, skillets, bread pans, and everything else "cast iron" is still alive and well. Today at your local department store, sporting goods supply store, or favorite household goods website, you can purchase brand new cast iron cookware.
But if you look around at antique malls, flea markets, or garage sales, you are likely to find cast iron cookware that, although looking worn and shabby, can be restored to look and perform just like new.

What's All This Talk About "Seasoning"?

Seasoning is the process of coating an iron pan with oil, baking, and thus protecting the pan. The oil, once heated, cooled, and allowed to dry, creates a impermeable surface. Here's how to do it:
  • Coat the skillet (or Dutch oven, or whatever vessel you are using) with vegetable oil.
  • Bake in a preheated 350 degree F. oven for one hour.
  • Remove from the oven; set aside to cool.
  • Wipe with dry paper towels.

What to Look For When Buying New Cast Iron

  • Enamel exteriors are attractive, but can scratch and chip, rendering your investment less than attractive (and not what you paid for).
  • Pour spouts on both sides are helpful. (You never know when a left-handed person--like me--might enter your kitchen to assist).
  • Handles should be long enough to allow for easy grasping.
  • Look for large "helper handles".
  • Food is less likely to stick to a smooth (rather than pebbly) cooking surface.


If You Purchase New Cast Iron Cookware...

Here are the things you need to do to prepare and maintain your investment:
WASH – Of course you will want to do this. (Who knows what grubby fingers might have touched your precious cooking vessel?) Now, after that loving scrub with hot soapy water, rinse. Then rinse again (just to be SURE that all soap residue is gone). However, don't believe the online posts that say "never use soap on your cast iron pan. I'll explain why in a jiff. Next?
DRY – After your cookware is completely clean, make sure to dry it thoroughly.
SEASON – Use a vegetable oil (canola, safflower, soybean) or melted shortening. Whatever you do, don't use a low-smoke point oil such as olive oil or butter. (Your smoke alarm, nearby neighbors, and local fire department will thank me for this advice).
BAKE – Set your oven temperature to 350 F and place the cookware (upside down) on the top rack of the oven. Bake for at least one hour. (By the way, you should probably place aluminum foil underneath the pan to avoid drippings getting on the heating element.) After the one hour of baking, turn off the oven and allow the cookware to cool to room temperature in the oven — several hours.
STORE – cookware in a cool, dry place. Thinly coat the cookware with cooking oil in-between uses to maintain seasoning.


How to Restore an Old (Rusted) Cast Iron Pan


  1. Remove all the rust: Use fine steel wool to remove rust from all of the affected areas. It might take a bit of patience (and a bit more physical effort), but keep scrubbing until the rusty area returns to raw cast iron.
  2. Wash the skillet thoroughly: After scouring, wash the pan with warm water and mild dish soap. Scrub with a bristle brush or mesh sponge if needed.
  3. Dry the skillet: Thoroughly dry the cast iron immediately with a clean dish towel or paper towels. Don't let it air dry--it will rust again.
  4. Cover the pan with a coat of oil: Apply a small amount of vegetable oil to the entire piece, including the bottom and handle. Use only a small amount to avoid a sticky surface. Don't use butter or olive oil--both have a lower smoke point (that means that they will set off your smoke detectors as the oil on the pan burns off in the next step).
  5. Place the pan in the oven: Place the cast iron pan upside down on the top rack of your oven. Please take the time to place a sheet of aluminum foil or a foil-lined baking sheet on the bottom rack to catch any oil drips.
  6. Heat the pan for an hour: Bake the cast iron for one hour at 350 degrees F.
  7. Let the pan cool before using: Turn off heat, let cast iron cool; now you can start cooking!

How to Use Cast Iron (Old or New)

The more you use cast iron cookware, the more slick with seasoning it will become over time. But there are a few precautions to keep in mind:
  1. Cast iron gets HOT! Be very careful when grabbing a handle.
  2. Cast iron takes a bit longer to preheat and standard pans, and it should be brought up to temperature slowly (don't start out on HIGH heat).
  3. Once your pan has reached the desired temperature, begin cooking. Cast iron will maintain that level of heat, thereby providing a reliable and steady heat source. The pan can also be placed on top of a trivet or towel on the serving table, keeping dishes warm through most of your dinner service.

How to Clean Cast Iron

  • NEVER put your cast iron in the dishwasher.
  • Don't run cold water over a hot pan.
  • Clean the surface of your pan with a stiff nylon brush and hot water. For stubborn food particles, you can also add kosher salt to the pan, and work the brush against the salt to serve as an abrasive. For more stubborn food particles, heat some oil in the pan along with some kosher salt and use a kitchen towel to scrub the surface to remove the particles — be careful to ensure you fold the towel enough to protect yourself from the heat. For super-duper stubborn food particles, boil some water in the skillet for a few minutes while carefully loosening the residue with the brush.
  • Dry the pans thoroughly after cleaning. If you had been using the oven, you can stick the pan in the cooling, still-warm oven for awhile or heat it on the stovetop for a few minutes to make sure all the moisture is removed.
  • Apply a thin layer of cooking oil to the surface while the pan is still warm.
  • Store cast iron cookware in a cool, dry place.

What Cast Iron WON'T Do

  • Cast iron does not heat evenly. So...take the time to heat it gradually and rotate a few times. But, once it gets up to heat, it maintains that heat level for a long time.
  • A well-seasoned cast iron pan is NOT as non-stick as Teflon. You can't dump cold eggs into a cold cast iron pan, heat it with no oil, and expect those eggs to slip out with nary a trace behind. But, if your cast iron pan is well seasoned and you make sure to pre-heat it well before adding any food, you should have no problems whatsoever with sticking.
  • Cast iron pans do NOT like to be soaked. Food stuck a bit? Let it sit and then address the problem when you are ready to do the dishes.

The Benefits of Cast Iron Cooking

  • Cast iron pans and skills will produce the most amazing hash or any recipe that includes crispy potatoes.
  • Want to make the greatest pancakes you've ever eaten or want your French toast to have that heavenly crispy edge? Use a cast iron griddle.
  • Long before anyone thought of a crock pot, there was the cast-iron Dutch oven? 'Nuf said.

Sunday, April 23, 2017

How To Create a Wildlife Habitat

visitors to our back yard

We are Just a Family of Four

In 1992 our family of four moved to a farmhouse in a small town in the Puget Sound area.
Directly east and south of us is the Army base Fort Lewis, to the north is a natural pond, and to the west there is a wetlands area--10 acres which will never be developed.

But, we have many visitors

coyote
Our bird feeders are a swirl of activity all day. Squirrels and chipmunks pick up the fallen seeds from the ground, and chase each other back and forth in the hazelnut trees. Rabbits munch on the clover in our lawn. Possums and raccoons live in brush piles and waddle through the side yard every day. Deer graze on the native shrubs, nestle down and chew their cud in the early afternoon in our backyard, and at night slumber in the cedar grove.
Coyotes certainly announce their presence. I want to hate them but I can't--I know they are part of the circle of life that keeps everything in balance (and their babies are soooo cute!).
And occasionally, in the wee hours of the morning, a brown bear ambles through.
We live in paradise (and the animals agree).

male pileated woodpecker

But (you say), I Don't Live in the 100 Acre Woods!

You don't need to have acres of property to invite and enjoy wildlife. Even if you live in an apartment, you can enjoy a bit of Creation if you have access to a balcony or window from which you can hang a bird feeder, hummingbird feeder, or plant a flower to attract butterflies.

Here's What to Do

According to the National Wildlife Federation, there are four basic elements that need to be provided to invite wildlife:
  • Food
  • Water
  • Cover
  • Nesting
I will give you two different plans--one for small house or apartment dwellers who have limited space, and one for those who have a large(r) outdoor area.

If you have a small space

Everyone needs to eat! Even birds. (It's not just about the worms). Hummingbirds and butterflies can be enjoyed in small places too--even from a space as small as an apartment balcony. Here's how:

BIRD FEEDING TIPS

  • Place bird feeders in locations where cats and other predators can not reach them.
  • Place feeders ten to twelve feet from low shrubs.
  • Clean your feeders regularly with hot water, and let them air dry completely. Also keep areas under and around the feeders clean.
  • Keep seed clean and dry, and watch for mold.
  • Use a seed blend designed for your feeder and the types of birds you feed. Avoid blends that contain filler seeds and grains (sorghum and red or golden millet)--birds usually do not eat these, so they end up on the ground and are wasted.
  • Black oil sunflower seed is a favorite of just about every seed-eating species.


HUMMINGBIRD FEEDING TIPS

  • Hummingbird feeders can be purchased an your local hardware store for as little at $10.00
  • Special nectar is not needed--simply mix 1 part sugar with 4 parts hot water. DON'T add red food dye and don't use honey. White sugar only!
  • Empty and refill the feeder every 2 or 3 days to insure that the sugar water is pure.

Monarch butterfly

BUTTERFLY FEEDING TIPS

Butterflies have three basic needs:
  • a source of water (a saucer of water, damp puddles, or damp sand)
  • native flowers for nectar (they are attracted to red, orange, yellow, pink, purple)
  • Butterflies are not shade lovers--they need full sun to warm their wings and to help them navigate; they need feeding flowers that receive full sun from mid-morning to mid-afternoon. Also when planting for butterflies, choose flowers that are native to your area.

If you have a large space

If you live in a larger space, you have even more options for wildlife habitat. Have you thought about creating a space, not only for birds, hummingbirds, and butterflies, but also for:
  • amphibians
  • bats
  • bees


Amphibians

tree frog
I love the sound of the frogs singing in the pond next to our property. As soon as the sun goes down their chorus begins. At first a low melodic tone, that crescendos--and then amazingly comes to a complete stop! "Why?" I wondered. And then I realized.....they need to stop to turn the page of sheet music.
What are amphibians? Frogs, toads, and salamanders fall into that category. So what differentiates an amphibian from a lizard? Amphibians hatch from eggs laid in or near water. They begin their hatched life with gills, and then as adults live mostly on land, returning to the water to breed.
The only thing they need is a pond--natural or created.
  • If there is a natural pond or stream in your area, keep it healthy.
  • Create a pond if none exists.
The National Wildlife Federation has resources to provide further information. (See "Garden for Wildlife") below.

Bats

Bats need a house.
Yes, I'm suggesting that you construct a house for bats (but not in your attic).
No, they are not evil vampires nor will they nest in your hair.
What they will do is consume insects. Large, copious amounts of insects (would you believe up to 1,000 mosquitoes in one hour?!)
You might be surprised to learn that bats don't always live in caves. Some bats winter in caves, but most spend the summer in trees or under bridges. Unlike bird nests, bat nests are very narrow--they prefer tight spaces (which keep their babies warm).
So, why would a bat need a house (from you) rather than a tree (from nature)? Well, as more forests are clear-cut and housing developments are established where groves of trees used to grow, bats are losing their natural habitat.
Bats need us--and we certainly need them!
The ideal location for a bat house would include:
  • lots of sun;
  • be at least 15 feet off the ground (to protect against predators)
  • have a water source nearby (so the mother bat doesn't have to leave her babies for too long).

Here's a link on how to build a bat house:


Bees

honey bee
There have been many stories in the media that our Nation's honeybees are dying off. Pollution and pesticides are decimating their colonies.
Why is that important? Bees are needed for pollination. But it is not just honeybees that are in trouble. Many "wild" bees, butterflies, and moths are also threatened, and without them you and I will not be able to enjoy the fruits and flowers in our local neighborhoods.
Bee houses can provide nesting and protection for the bees species native to your area.

This is where the action is!

The National Wildlife Federation has a wealth of information on creating habitat (little or large), and how to attract, encourage, and support the fauna in your part of the country.


By providing food, water, cover and places for wildlife to raise their young--as well as incorporating sustainable gardening practices--your garden can join the more than 136,000 Certified Wildlife Habitats™ across the country.



I hope you can find ways to discover the wildlife in your corner of the world.